Endoscopy Unit


The word endoscopy is made up of the Greek root words. endo (inward) and skopein (to look at, observe, examine) and means “visual examination of the ducts or internal cavities of the human body.” Gastrointestinal endoscopy refers to the branch of medicine that oversees the internal study of the gastrointestinal system; specifically, the digestive tract.

All endoscopic studies are performed with equipment called endoscopes or video endoscopes. An endoscope is a flexible, illuminated and very narrow fiber optic tube. The end of the tube incorporates a miniature camera with a wide-angle lens that helps the doctor examine the lining of the digestive tract on a video monitor.

As the doctor moves the endoscope through the upper gastrointestinal tract, the endoscope transmits electronic signals to a computer that displays the image on a video screen. An open endoscope channel allows several instruments to pass through it to take tissue samples and perform other treatments.

The endoscopes used in the digestive system are the panendoscope, colonoscope, duodenoscope and enteroscope.

Classically endoscopic gastrointestinal studies are classified according to the part of the explored gastrointestinal tract; Esophagogastrodudoenoscopy or also called Panendoscopy is the study where a review of the larynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum is performed.

Colonoscopy, or also called low endoscopy, explores the lower digestive tract comprising anus, rectum, colon, and the end of the small intestine (ileum).
One of the most difficult parts to study for the gastroenterologist is the small intestine, considered for decades the blind part of the digestive tract, since there were no diagnostic methods that could visualize the entire small intestine. In the last three decades we have designed longer and thin endoscopes (Enteroscopes) that have given us the possibility to study these sites, and even now we have non-invasive devices (Capsule Endoscopic) that through its ingestion we obtain images of the digestive tract during its journey through it.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure to examine the bile ducts and is performed through a lateral view endoscope, which differs from the other equipment that your vision is frontal, in addition the procedure is performed in a X-rays room because it is necessary to place opaque radio solutions in the bile or pancreatic ducts in order to identify the diseases related to them.

Endoscopic studies are considered safe studies, can be performed from newborns to the elderly, with very low morbidity and mortality directly related to the study, but the most importantly is that endoscopies not only gives the diagnosis of diseases, but also can perform therapeutic actions that may prevent surgery, stop bleeding, remove a foreign body or remove stones from the bile ducts, among others.

Contact us, we have the right study for you.

Dr. Fabiola Maely González Ortiz

Gastroenterology, Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
C P 5858388 / C Esp 8536944
Tel: + 52 878 782 0377