DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY UNIT
The word endoscopy is made up of the Greek root words. endo (inward) and skopein (to look at, observe, examine) and means “visual examination of the ducts or internal cavities of the human body.” Gastrointestinal endoscopy refers to the branch of medicine that oversees the internal study of the gastrointestinal system; specifically, the digestive tract.
All endoscopic studies are performed with equipment called endoscopes or video endoscopes. An endoscope is a flexible, illuminated and very narrow fiber optic tube. The end of the tube incorporates a miniature camera with a wide-angle lens that helps the doctor examine the lining of the digestive tract on a video monitor.
As the doctor moves the endoscope through the upper gastrointestinal tract, the endoscope transmits electronic signals to a computer that displays the image on a video screen. An open endoscope channel allows several instruments to pass through it to take tissue samples and perform other treatments.
The endoscopes used in the digestive system are the panendoscope, colonoscope, duodenoscope and enteroscope.
Classically endoscopic gastrointestinal studies are classified according to the part of the explored gastrointestinal tract; Esophagogastrodudoenoscopy or also called Panendoscopy is the study where a review of the larynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum is performed.
Colonoscopy, or also called low endoscopy, explores the lower digestive tract comprising anus, rectum, colon, and the end of the small intestine (ileum).
One of the most difficult parts to study for the gastroenterologist is the small intestine, considered for decades the blind part of the digestive tract, since there were no diagnostic methods that could visualize the entire small intestine. In the last three decades we have designed longer and thin endoscopes (Enteroscopes) that have given us the possibility to study these sites, and even now we have non-invasive devices (Capsule Endoscopic) that through its ingestion we obtain images of the digestive tract during its journey through it.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure to examine the bile ducts and is performed through a lateral view endoscope, which differs from the other equipment that your vision is frontal, in addition the procedure is performed in a X-rays room because it is necessary to place opaque radio solutions in the bile or pancreatic ducts in order to identify the diseases related to them.
Endoscopic studies are considered safe studies, can be performed from newborns to the elderly, with very low morbidity and mortality directly related to the study, but the most importantly is that endoscopies not only gives the diagnosis of diseases, but also can perform therapeutic actions that may prevent surgery, stop bleeding, remove a foreign body or remove stones from the bile ducts, among others.
Contact us, we have the right study for you.
Dr. Fabiola Maely González Ortiz
Gastroenterology, Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
C P 5858388 / C Esp 8536944
Tel: + 52 878 782 0377
We have two operating rooms equipped with monitoring systems and modern anesthesia devices that give our patient complete safety.
We have everything necessary for laparoscopic surgery, in which we offer you:
Minimal postoperative pain.
Lower hospital stay
Best aesthetic result.
Lower period of convalescence and disability and soon return to usual activities.
With the best hospital infrastructure in the region. We are open24 hours a day, 365 days a year and have enough trained staff to provide attention to the twelve rooms that have:
Laboratory of specialized clinical analysis, with fully automated equipment and sufficient trained personnel to attend it 24 hours a day. We maintain internal quality standards and we are evaluated by an external evaluation program like PACAL, Quality Assurance Program for Laboratories for its acronym in Spanish. They allow us to ensure the accuracy of our results; we have electronic records of their laboratory results that allow the tracking and behavior of our laboratory studies. Also, our high technology equipment allows us to quickly and affordably deliver results.
Thyroid profile, hormonal profile, Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA), Alpha-proteins, CEA, CA 125, insulin resistance, quantification of gonadotrophin hormone.
Determination of microalbumin, Urinalysis, Protein in urine, Urine creatinine clearance for 24 hours.
Glucose, Glycosylated Hemoglobin, Postprandial Glucose, Uric Acid, Amylase, Creatinine, Acid Phosphatase, Lactic Dehydrogenase, Total Proteins, Urea, CK-NAC, CK-MB.
Cholesterol, Triglycerides, High Density Cholesterol.
Liver function tests
Albumin, Alkaline phosphatase, Alanin-amino transferase, Aspartate amino transferase, Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, Total bilirubin, Direct bilirubin, Indirect bilirubin.
Antistreptolysins, Reactive Protein C, Rheumatoid Factor, Pregnancy Test.
VDRL (Sifilis), Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, H1N1, Febrile reactions.
Blood cell biometry, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Blood group, Subgroup identification of A, Peripheral blood smear, Reticulocytes, Direct coombs, Indirect Coombs, Cryoagglutinin detection, Cross-tests.
Bleeding time, clot retraction time, Coagulation time, Prothrombin time,% INR, Activated partial thromboplastin time, Corrected times, Fibrinogen, Detection of coagulation inhibitors.
Ca, Na, K, Chlorine, Magnesium, Phosphorus.
Cocaine, Amphetamines, Marijuana, Benzodiazepines.
Fecal cytology, Coproparasitoscopico, Occult Blood in Stool, Amiba in fresco, Research of pinworms, Rotavirus / Adenovirus.
Pharyngeal, urine, Stool, Other secretions, Sputum smear.
Collect the first morning urine in a glass jar with a clean screw cap.
8 hours of fasting.
Avoid nipple stimulation and sexual intercourse one day before.
12 – 16 hours of fasting
8 Hours of Fasting.
Samples should not be mixed with toilet water or with urine. To collect the sample, place waxed paper or plastic between the toilet seat and the toilet, thus defecating directly on the waxed paper or plastic, or you can place the paper on a Surface like the floor. Wait 1 week if patient was on mineral oil, bismuth, antimalarial or non-absorbable antidiarrheal (Kaolin pectin).
(TGO): Refrain from physical exercise 24 hours before the shot.
Liver Function Tests: 8-hour of fasting, do not perform physical exercise 24 hours prior to intake.
Refrain from performing physical exercise 24 hours before the intake, it is not necessary to fast.
: It is recommended not to perform the test if the following were performed: prostate massage two days prior, prostate biopsy seven days prior, urinary bladder endoscopy seven days prior. It can be done after a simple rectal examination.
Blood hidden in feces.
Three days before and during the trial period a red meat free diet is recommended. You should avoid eating turnips, broccoli, radishes, parsnips, beets, cabbage, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, mushrooms or mushrooms, potatoes, grapefruit, carrots and artichokes. Avoid aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Motriz, Advil, Phenylbutazone, Indomethacin). Ascorbic acid (vitamin C), coumarin anticoagulants (warfarin). Consult the doctor before stopping medication, our laboratory will accept any sample.